Facts about Kilauea Volcano, it's history and current eruptions
Volcano Safety Precautions
Visiting Hawaii Volcanoes National Park safely
The things that you should have with and on you
Be prepared! Know the dangers!
- Long pants
- Shirt with sleeves
- Boots or other sturdy closed-toed shoes
- First Aid Kit
- Falling on lava can be dangerous and can cause deep cuts.
- Flashlight - one for each person (in case you will be viewing the lava after 7:00pm)
- Binoculars - to see lava and eruptions from safe distance
- ~1 or more litres per one person
- Sun Screen
- Sun Protection Factor 15 or greater
- Steam and Explosions
- Lava enters the ocean at 2,100°F (1,140°C) and Sea water explodes with steam and boiling water.
Precaution: STAY AT LEAST 1/4 MILE (400m) INLAND OF STEAM CLOUDS!
- Volcanic Fumes
- Volcanic fumes contains sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, glass particles - the things hazardous to your health.
Precaution: DO NOT STAND OR WALK IN OR UNDER THE FUMES!
- Methane Gas Explosions
- Underground explosions occur in front of lava flowing over burned vegetation - plants are burning without oxygen as they are covered by lava, thus creating methane gas. When the methane gas ignites, the ground explodes up to 100 yards in front of advancing lava flow
Precaution: DO NOT APPROACH LAVA FLOWING THROUGH VEGETATION!
- Bench Collapses
- New land (called a bench) is formed where lava enters the ocean. The new land is unstable and can collapse into the ocean without any prior warning.
Precaution: STAY AT LEAST 1/4 MILE (400 M) INLAND! DO NOT ENTER THE BENCH AREA!
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