Mount Kilauea

Facts about Kilauea Volcano, it's history and current eruptions


History of Kilauea

  • Kilauea Volcano began to form 300,000-600,000 years ago, active ever since
  • Mount Kilauea emerged from the sea 50,000-100,000 years ago
  • Oldest dated rocks 23,000 years ago
  • Kilauea Caldera has formed by several incremental collapses 500-210 years ago
  • 1790 - powerful explosion kiled at least 80 people (mostly Hawaiian warriors and their families, when they was overhelmend by an extremely fast flow of gas and ash.
  • In 1924, Kilauea exploded in steam-driven explosion. 1 person died.
  • In 1934, President Roosevelt views Kilauea crater. The 1934 Kilauea eruption was the last until 1952.
  • The 1959 eruption produced some of Kilauea's spectacular lava fountains of 20th century
  • In 1960, Kapoho eruption, Kapoho Village Destroyed, Koa'e Village Damaged. Collapse of Kilauea's summit
  • In 1975, a 7.2 earthquake centered in Kilauea Volcano is cause of 48 foot tsunami, 2 people died.
  • In 1989, Lava from Kilauea destroys Kalapana community, visitor station in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Kaimu Black Sand Beach
  • Most recent eruption began January 3, 1983 and continuing

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